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|Title: ||戦後西ドイツにおける社会保険改革と社会民主党の社会政策論 （下）|
|Other Titles: ||Reform of Social Insurance in Western Germany after the World War Ⅱin Relation to the Arguments of Social Democrats about Social Policy (Part 3)|
|Authors: ||福澤, 直樹|
|Issue Date: ||30-Jun-2002|
|Citation: ||経済科学. v.50, n.1, 2002, p.1-20|
|Abstract: ||In the political confusion in regard to the reform of the whole system of social benefits in the middle of the 50s the Social Democrats gave special consideration to the problem of relations between the socialism and the competition. In their faith concerning the social and economic order they tended more and more to approval of the market economy and the competitive economic order, and furthermore they took them in actively as essentials for the socialism, whereas they approved also the macroeconomic framework planning, employment policy, welfare policy and so forth on the other hand. After all, they were ready to use every possible measure pragmatically, which would not prevent the competitive order. As to the system for the social benefits they insisted upon the security of freedom, the encouragement of motivation and productivity of individuals, the decentralized administration and the concentration of resources to that which is realistic and not to that which is idealistic, whereas it was also their assertion on the other hand to avoid the adherence to the insurance principle and to the subsidiary principle, in order to resolve the existing organic construction of the social institutions and to create the general basic pension for instance. Anyway they were now more flexible in their principle, which has, however, got the theoretic and concrete shape. Although the reform of the whole system of social benefits resulted in the partial reform, this pliant attitude of the Social Democrats made their corporative behavior in creating the new pension low in 1957 possible, which contributed to the high standard of the welfare state afterward.|
|Appears in Collections:||経済科学 (The Economic Science)|
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