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|Other Titles: ||Towards Land Policy of Small Peasantry Principle in Modern Thailand (Part 1)|
|Authors: ||北原, 淳|
|Issue Date: ||30-Sep-2002|
|Citation: ||経済科学. v.50, n.2, 2002, p.21-40|
|Abstract: ||It has been an orthodoxy view that the land policy in Thailand has had a clear principle of the small farmers formation, since the modern land title deeds was firstly issued in the beginning of the twenty century. It seems, however, that this orthodoxy cannot be necessarily verified in a total context of land policy. Indeed, it has generally been admitted that a clear deviation from this principle was a case of concession of canal construction right of the vast area of Rangsit to a private Siam Canal and Irrigation Company at the turn of the century. However, it has been also admitted that the strict principle recovered to be applied to other areas after the problematic case of Rangist canal construction has finished, and, that the land policy of small peasantry formation has settled stable since then. This paper starts from doubt about such an orthodoxy view. The official documents during the 1910 to 1920 shows many cases of application of land concession over 2000 rai (320ha) to 3000 rai(480ha) in the provincial areas of Thailand, where traditional forest and wild land clearing custom of tentative occupation (chap chong) was observed. The modern land deeds area has also developed a big scale of landlordism especially along the newly dug canals, in some other delta regions than the Rangsit canal network area. In this way the land policy of modern Thailand has fluctuated between the principle of small peasantry and that of big landlordism. The backgrounds of this swing are three ; the technical limitation of title deeds issue and the resultant separation of land tax reform from the land title issue reform, a rival relation of land administration between the ministry of agriculture and the ministry of interior cum the ministry of finance, and, the ever expanding frontier from the lower delta to the upper hill and forest. The first half stage of land policy from the 1890s to 1910 will be discussed by centering on the administrative separation of the title deed issue from land tax collection, by depending upon the official records of land code drafts and their dispute processes. The latter half of the land policy during the 1910 and the 1920 will be discussed by focusing upon the scale division of administrative permission between the officers of ministry of agriculture and those of ministry of interior, mainly depending upon the records of policy debate processes. The official documents used here are mostly those classified into the ministry of agriculture (KS) in the reign of Rama Ⅴ, Ⅵ and Ⅶ at the National Archives of Thailand, Bangkok.|
|Appears in Collections:||経済科学 (The Economic Science)|
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